BBC news—Russia marks 50 years of Sputnik

  1. the start of the space age  太空时代的开启
  2. holding a series of ceremonies  组织了一系列的纪念活动
  3. mark the 50th anniversary  来标志诞辰日
  4. the first man-made satellite Sputnik 第一个人造卫星苏毗尼克
  5. launched by what was then the Soviet Union  是由当时的苏联发射的
  6. considered one of the most significant moments in history  被认为是在历史上最重要的时刻之一。
  7. began the space race with the US  开启了和美国的太空军备竞赛
  8. eventually sent men to the moon  美国最终把人类送上了月球。
  9. After years of decline  在苏联沉寂了数年之后
  10. are now back in the space game with highly ambitious plans  重新带着雄心勃勃的计划返回了太空军备竞赛的行列。
  11. Expanding habitat  扩展生存环境
  12. in the midst of the Cold War  冷战
  13. a giant leap for mankind and a propaganda coup  对于人类和胜利的宣言是一个巨大的飞跃
  14. people around the world  全世界的人
  15. stared up in awe at the night sky  惊异的瞪着夜晚的天空。
  16. catch a glimpse of the tiny satellite  去看一眼小小的人造卫星
  17. a realisation that something very fundamental had changed.  一个现实,就是一些最基本的东西已经改变。
  18. at least as significant for mankind as the discovery of America for Columbus  对于人类来说,至少相当于克伦布的美洲大发现
  19. an expert on the Russian space programme  一个苏联太空计划的专家
  20. By launching Sputnik people started expanding their habitat beyond Earth  由发射苏毗尼克为契机,人类开始扩展地球以外的生存空间
  21. a string of successes in space for the Soviet Union  前苏联在太空方面一系列的成功
  22. driven by the intense rivalry with the United States  在美国强烈竞争的驱动之下
  23. sending the first man into space  发射载人人造卫星
  24. carrying out the first spacewalk  迈出了太空行走的第一步
  25. after a long period of decline in the Russian space programme  苏联太空计划经历了长期的的低迷之后
  26. secured a significant budget from the government  从政府获得了一笔庞大的预算
  27. given $12bn (£6bn) to spend over the next decade  被许可去花费。。。。在下一个世纪。
  28. a small amount compared with Nasa’s budget but enough for the Russians to have ambitious plans  与美国的太空预算相比很小的金额,到足够让苏联人去树立雄心勃勃的计划
  29. include sending a manned mission to Mars  包括发射飞往火星的载人卫星计划
  30. this could happen by the year 2020  这项计划可能在2020年之前实现。
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