BBC news—Ice melt raises passage tension

  1. raises passage tension  增加了旅客的恐慌
  2. In another sign of potential friction in the warming Arctic  
  3. step up patrols of the Northwest Passage  增加对西北旅客的巡逻
  4. Record summer melting of sea-ice   创纪录的夏季冰雪融化
  5. made the passage fully navigable   使得行客完全可以渡过
  6. escalated a dispute over who controls the route  升级出一个争端,究竟由谁来控制路线
  7. maintains the waterway  维护者水路
  8. connects the Atlantic with the Pacific  连接北极圈和太平洋
  9. lies within its territorial waters    位于自己的水域范围内
  10. backed that up with plans  支持那一个计划
  11. for a new military base  一个新的军事基地
  12. claim international rights to use the route for shipping   宣称把它作为运输路线的权利是属于全世界的
  13. In an interview with BBC News  在和BBC的采访中
  14. Our view is that it’s our territorial waters and that we govern it accordingly  我们的观点是那是我们的领海,因此我们因该相应的管理它。
  15. have different views  有不同的观点
  16. assume at some point in time  我将获得控制权在将来的某一个时间点
  17. get settled  得到解决
  18. be regulating and asserting our control over them  将制定规范和宣称我们对它的控制权
  19. part of our history  历史的一部分
  20. assert your control over your country and your territorial waters  宣称你们国家对于领土和领海的主权
  21. reeling from the dramatic loss of Arctic ice  还在被北极圈冰雪戏剧般的融化而搞得晕头转向的时候。
  22. among the organisations monitoring the retreat  是其中一家监视北极圈的融化
  23. this extent of melting  这种程度的融化
  24. not been expected for decades  几个世纪以来都没有人意识到
  25. it wasn’t going to stop  还没有停止的趋势
  26. towards the end of August, the beginning of September  随着8月的结束,九月的开始
  27. the melting slows down and stops  冰雪融化逐渐变慢,直到停止
  28. get ready for the coming fall and the refreezing during the winter  我们已经为即将到来的秋季和冬季的重新冻结最好了准备。
  29. just kept on going  只是还在继续
  30. when is it going to stop this year  究竟到今年什么时候结束
  31. shattered all previous records  打破在此之前的所有记录
  32. Research cruise  研究考察船
  33. preparing to send one its research vessels, the Amundsen, through the Northwest Passage with about 40 scientists on board  一条载着40名科学家的科研考察船,将要被派往西北航线去考察。
  34.  Equipped with a remotely operated robot submarine and a sonar system   装备着一个远程遥控机器人潜水艇和声纳系统。
  35. undertake a detailed survey of the sea-bed   展开一个详细的海床的调查
  36. the waterway is to become more open to commercial shipping  水路将被开放用于商业运输
  37.  Researchers on board  随行的考察人员
  38. hope to study the changing patterns of the ice  希望去研究冰层的变化规律。
  39. grows and retreats with the seasons  随着季节增长和消失
  40. the far thicker multi-year ice  更深的多年冰层
  41. drifts with the Arctic currents 随着北极圈洋流漂流
  42. poses the most serious threat to any vessels  对船只构成最大威胁的
  43. study the sediment on the sea-bed  研究海床的沉积物
  44. hunt for a chemical record of changes  寻找这些变化的一个化学纪录
  45. in the ice stretching back for the past thousand years  在过去几千年里,冰层的反复拉伸
  46. a vital task to help understand the likely rate of change in the future  一个最关键的任务去帮助理解将来发生变化的可能性
  47. join the ship for its journey through the Northwest Passage  参与航行沿着西北航线
  48. The route is at – or beyond – the limits of satellite coverage  路线处于卫星覆盖的边缘或者覆盖范围之外
  49. provide regular updates wherever possible  如果可能的话将提供不断的更新
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