BBC news—Healthy living ‘can add 14 years’

  1.  Healthy living  健康生活
  2. Taking exercise  锻炼身体
  3. eating enough fruit and vegetables  吃足够的水果和蔬菜
  4. add up to 14 years to your life  增加14年寿命
  5. Research involving 20,000 people over a decade  在跨越一个世纪2万人参与的调查中
  6.  who failed on all criteria were four times more likely to have died than those who succeeded  那些没有遵循准的人比起那些成功遵守的人更容易死亡的几率是4
  7. The findings held true regardless of how overweight or poor they were  调查结果的准确是与超重或者困无的。
  8. study suggests many could increase their lifespan through simple changes  研究果表明大多数人可以通做出简单的改来提高寿命。
  9. Participants were aged between 45 and 79. 参与者从45岁到79岁不等。
  10. have cancer or any heart problems.  癌症或者任何其他心脏病
  11. were socially mixed although overwhelmingly white。 由各种社会阶层组成,大多数是白人。
  12. A point was awarded for each of the following:  有一点是大家公认的
  13. consuming between one and 14 units of alcohol per week   一周饮用1-14个单位的酒
  14. the equivalent of between half a glass and seven glasses of wine   等价与半杯到7杯葡萄酒
  15. eating five servings of fruit and vegetables each day  吃5种不同的蔬菜和水果每天
  16. This last category was defined as either having a sedentary occupation and taking half an hour of exercise a day  最后一个分类被定义为或者有第二职业或者每天做一个半小时的运动。
  17. or simply having a non-sedentary job like a nurse or plumber. 选择一项非静止的工作,比如护士或者修理工
  18. involving little exercise or physical activity:a sedentary job/occupation
  19. My doctor says I should start playing sport because my lifestyle is too sedentary.
  20. find that those with four points were significantly less likely to have died over the period than those with none, they also found that a 60-year-old person with a score of zero had the same risk of dying as a 74-year-old with the full four points.  带有以上四个特点的人比起那些没有带有以上特点的人更不容易死亡,他们也发现一个60岁的没有以上特点的人和74岁的带有以上四个特点的人死亡几率是一样的。
  21. To what do you attribute your longevity?
  22. individually, measures such as not smoking and exercising can have an impact upon longevity  每一个衡量标准,比如吸烟和运动会给寿命带来很大影响。
  23. looked at them altogether  一起看待他们
  24. social class and BMI – body mass index – really did not have a role to play  社会阶层与身体指数并不是起作用的一个因素
  25. It means a large proportion of the population really could feel health benefits through moderate changes.  那将意味着很大一部分人可以通过这些有限的改变,从而感到对健康带来的益处。
  26.  It was in the reduction of deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease where the findings were most pronounced。  在降低心血管疾病死亡率的努力中,这个发现是最有说服力的。
  27. with those scoring zero five times more likely to succumb than those scoring four.  那些带有五项特征更容易克服困难与那些带有四项的相比。
  28. a relationship between score and cancer deaths  在癌症死亡和分数之间存在着联系
  29. excluded people with known disease  排除了那些患有特定疾病的人群
  30. Low-paid workers will fare badly/well under this government. 
  31. those with serious conditions fared better the higher they scored than those who scored lower.  病症严重的患者被处置的更好获得更高的点数与那些获得低点数的相比。
  32. Health campaigners welcomed the study。健康运动者欢迎这项研究。
  33. living a healthy life  过一种健康的生活
  34. reduce their risk of dying from heart and circulatory disease。降低心脏病和血管疾病的死亡率
  35. drinking alcohol in moderation  适量饮酒
  36. taking regular physical activity。  经常健身
  37. eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables  有效的节食丰富水果和蔬菜
  38. improve their chances of living longer  增加长寿的几率
  39. Everyone has responsibility for their own health  每个人都要对自己的健康负责,
  40. when we kickstarted the Small Change, Big Difference initiative to show people that there are simple changes they can make in their lives that will have a direct impact on their health  当我们启动了小变化,大不同运动去展示给人们,生活方式的适当改变可以对他们的健康带来重大影响。
  41. a new action or movement, often intended to solve a problem:
    The peace initiative was welcomed by both sides.
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